Status inconsistency, which refers to situations where there is a mismatch between someone’s income and their background, can lead to various employee workplace outcomes both positive and negative. A recent study examined the relationship between status inconsistency and the personality traits of agreeableness and dominance to determine, and if the relationships differed by gender. The results found there were indeed differences in the level of status inconsistency depending on levels of agreeableness and dominance, and that these effects differed by gender.
Key Topics: Agreeableness; Dominance; Gender; Status inconsistency
The Role Of HR Practices In Customer Facing Employees’ Engagement And Organizational Citizenship Behaviour
A recent study in Malaysia sought to identify which HR practices led to customer facing employees in the hotel sector displaying greater service-oriented organizational citizenship behavior, and whether work engagement acts as a mediator. Specifically, the study looked at the HR practices of service training, service rewards, performance appraisal, and information sharing. The results found that training and performance appraisals had the greatest effect on service-oriented organizational citizenship behaviour, with work engagement having a mediating role.
Key Topics: Work engagement; Organizational citizenship behavior; Training; Reward
Presenteeism is a phenomenon that has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years due to it numerous detrimental effects. A Belgian study sought to examine the relationship between various job content and psychosocial work factors and presenteeism. Both psychosocial work factors and job content related factors were found to be significantly related to presenteeism. The results found that high effort, high job demands, low rewards, and low support were all linked to presenteeism. Additionally, a significant relationship was found between presenteeism and both bullying and work-to-home conflict.
Key Topics: Job stress; Presenteeism; Psychosocial risk factors; Bullying; Work-family conflict; Reward
Acquisition related benefits paid to CEOs of targeted companies as part of takeover deals are relatively prevalent and as such a US study sought to examine the bonuses paid to CEOs of targeted companies during acquisitions to better understand the implications for shareholders. Primarily the researchers looked to determine if merger bonuses paid to target CEOs facilitate a wealth transfer from shareholders of the target company to those of the acquiring company. The results found this not to be the case, and that bidders fair worse in deals with such bonuses, despite the finding that they pay lower acquisition premiums.
Key Topics: Mergers and acquisitions; Merger bonus
CEO compensation is often seen, at least by the public, as too high and out of touch with the compensation of common workers. A study at Louisiana State University investigated the pay dispersion relationship between CEO compensation and general employee compensation across 54 countries by examining the role of informal and formal country-level institutions of social power structures, such as level of country development, strength of collective labor rights, and supply and demand market forces. Analysis found that a number of these structures effect CEO and employee compensation, as well as pay dispersion.
Key Topics: CEO compensation; Pay dispersion